With a history of traditional use stretching back thousands of years, Comfrey has been cultivated as a healing herb since at least 400 BCE. The Greeks and Romans commonly used this medicinal herb to stop heavy bleeding, treat bronchial problems and heal wounds and broken bones. Taking its name from the Latin
con fera which means to knit together, and the Old English
knitbone, Comfrey has been prized since ancient times for its ability to help heal broken bones and damaged tissues. This has also lead to Comfrey also being referred to in herbal texts as 'Knitbone'.
Comfrey Oil has been used for centuries to support bone, wound and lung healing, and at one time was recommended as a tea to soothe digestive issues. Comfrey is rich in a plant chemical compounds: allantoin and rosmarinic acid. Allantoin is a mucilaginous healing substance which supports cell formation and granulation, also known as the creation of new tissue and microscopic blood vessels during the healing process. Comfrey also contains bone strengthening vitamins and minerals such as vitamin C, Calcium and Magnesium.
Owing to its potent anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, ComfreyOil has been used externally as an ointment to facilitate the healing of bones and wounds. Comfrey also has mild astringent and drawing qualities, making it useful for alleviating cysts, toning a loss of texture/firmness on the skin and increasing movement of fluid within the joints. It also shows effectiveness in treating atopic dermatitis, psoriasis and eczema. Comfrey Oil is often highly recommended for boosting softness and shine when used as a hair rinse as well as for moisturizing skin, which is why it's incorporated into many skin serums and creams.
This is a cosmetic ingredient meant for external use only.
Nature In Bottle certify that Comfrey Oil is suitable for cosmetic application and is not included in the list of substances prohibited in cosmetic products. Neither does it contain parabens, restricted preservatives, colorants or UV filters (Annex II - VI of EU Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009).(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle certify that Comfrey Oil is cruelty-free and free of animal testing.
Nature In Bottle does not conduct or commission animal testing of any cosmetic ingredient, raw material, or formulation of any finished product in the context of Cosmetics Regulation (EC) 1223/2009. Additionally, we do not buy any ingredient, formulation, or product from any supplier or manufacturer that conducted, commissioned, or had been a party to Animal Testing. We also encourages customers who manufacture cosmetics and skin care products to avoid animal-tested ingredients and offer cruelty-free products to their customers.
Nature In Bottle certify that Comfrey Oil contain no animal ingredients or animal by-products, use no animal ingredients or by-products in the manufacturing process, nor does the above product come in contact with any animal products during storage and transportation.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle certify that Comfrey Oil is free of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE) and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). We further declare that this product is Dioxin Free.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle certify that Comfrey Oil is manufactured without the use of genetically modified organisms and without the use of raw materials or processing aids containing or derived from genetically modified material. As such, Comfrey Oil should be considered non-Genetically Modified in the context with the directives outlined in Regulation (EC) No. 1830/2003 and 1829/2003.
Nature In Bottle also declares that Comfrey Oil has not been:
1) Exposed to Irradiation
2) Derived from Sewage Sludge
3) Treated with Ethyl Oxide
Nature In Bottle can approve that Comfrey Oil does not contain as an ingredient and is not manufactured on processing equipment that comes in contact with gluten or products containing gluten.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle confirm that Comfrey Oil is free of any Melamine and hence should be considered to be Melamine-free.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle can approve with reference to Comfrey Oil that no Nanomaterials were added at any stage of the manufacturing/production process, in accordance with EU Cosmetics Regulation.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle certify that Comfrey Oil does not contain chemicals that are listed on California's Safe Drinking Water & Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, also commonly known as Proposition 65 (Prop 65).
Proposition 65, officially known as the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, was enacted as a ballot initiative in November 1986. The proposition protects the state's drinking water sources from being contaminated with chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm, and requires businesses to inform Californians about exposures to such chemicals.
Proposition 65 requires the state to maintain and update a list of chemicals known to the state to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity.
Download the current Proposition 65 List at:
Nature In Bottle declare that Comfrey Oil is compliant with the European Union Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 governing the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) and does not contain substances above 0.1% weight of a Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) listed in Annex XIV as of July 16, 2019.
Furthermore, Comfrey Oil is also compliant with the European Union Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 Classification, Labeling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP Regulation) under entries 28 to 30 of Annex XVII of REACH, which prohibits the use of carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic category 1A or 1B substances (CMR category 1A or 1B substances) in products supplied to the general public.
Based on the ISO 16128-1:2016 (Definitions for ingredients) and ISO 16128-2:2017 (Criteria for ingredients and products), Nature In Bottle can advise that Comfrey Oil would have a Natural Origin Index of 1 and therefore, could be considered to come under the definition of a 'Natural Ingredient'.(Download Declaration)
Based on our knowledge of the production process, raw materials and equipments used, there is no potential for any residual solvents to be present in Comfrey Oil.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle certify that Comfrey Oil is manufactured completely from raw materials none of which is listed on the Appendices of the the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).(Download Declaration)