There are two types of Fennel Essential Oils: Bitter/Common Fennel (F. vulgare var. amara) and Sweet Fennel (F. vulgare var. dulce). They differ chemically in that the Bitter Fennel Oil contains between 15 - 23% of the ketone fenchone, and hence should be avoided in aromatherapy and home use. It is only the Sweet Fennel Oil that is used in aromatherapy. Widely used since antiquity as a versatile and effective aromatic herb for easing digestive and respiratory congestion and discomfort, Sweet Fennel Essential Oil can likewise be used for many similar therapeutic purposes.
Fennel Essential Oil supports healthy lung activity and can help calm a spastic cough and relieve minor side effects from asthma. This essential oil can also help reduce unwanted bacteria or fungal activity, and can help soothe inflammation and is often used to help the lymphatic system work properly. As it is both astringent and cleansing, Fennel Essential Oil is helpful in addressing mature skin and in balancing dry or oily skin types. Fennel can also be used on most skin types, as well as throughout the year on skin that has needs changing with the seasons. Fennel is also considered a beneficial oil for maintaining or promoting youthful skin and is also helpful when skin is troubled, for example in the case of reddened teenage skin.
Emotionally and energetically, Fennel Essential Oil calms and encourages. The unique aroma of Fennel Sweet is great for easing worries and encouraging mental clarity, without creating sleepiness. With its versatile aroma, Fennel Oil can be added to many different diffuser formulas to boost their aromatic and aromatherapeutic benefits.
Nature In Bottle certify that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is suitable for cosmetic application and is not included in the list of substances prohibited in cosmetic products. Neither does it contain parabens, restricted preservatives, colorants or UV filters (Annex II - VI of EU Regulation (EC) No 1223/2009).(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle certify that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is cruelty-free and free of animal testing.
Nature In Bottle does not conduct or commission animal testing of any cosmetic ingredient, raw material, or formulation of any finished product in the context of Cosmetics Regulation (EC) 1223/2009. Additionally, we do not buy any ingredient, formulation, or product from any supplier or manufacturer that conducted, commissioned, or had been a party to Animal Testing. We also encourages customers who manufacture cosmetics and skin care products to avoid animal-tested ingredients and offer cruelty-free products to their customers.
Nature In Bottle certify that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil contain no animal ingredients or animal by-products, use no animal ingredients or by-products in the manufacturing process, nor does the above product come in contact with any animal products during storage and transportation.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle certify that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is free of Transmissible Spongiform Encephalopathy (TSE) and Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE). We further declare that this product is Dioxin Free.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle certify that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is manufactured without the use of genetically modified organisms and without the use of raw materials or processing aids containing or derived from genetically modified material. As such, Sweet Fennel Essential Oil should be considered non-Genetically Modified in the context with the directives outlined in Regulation (EC) No. 1830/2003 and 1829/2003.
Nature In Bottle also declares that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil has not been:
1) Exposed to Irradiation
2) Derived from Sewage Sludge
3) Treated with Ethyl Oxide
Nature In Bottle can approve that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil does not contain as an ingredient and is not manufactured on processing equipment that comes in contact with gluten or products containing gluten.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle confirm that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is free of any Melamine and hence should be considered to be Melamine-free.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle can approve with reference to Sweet Fennel Essential Oil that no Nanomaterials were added at any stage of the manufacturing/production process, in accordance with EU Cosmetics Regulation.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle certify that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil does not contain chemicals that are listed on California's Safe Drinking Water & Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, also commonly known as Proposition 65 (Prop 65).
Proposition 65, officially known as the Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act of 1986, was enacted as a ballot initiative in November 1986. The proposition protects the state's drinking water sources from being contaminated with chemicals known to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm, and requires businesses to inform Californians about exposures to such chemicals.
Proposition 65 requires the state to maintain and update a list of chemicals known to the state to cause cancer or reproductive toxicity.
Download the current Proposition 65 List at:
Nature In Bottle declare that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is compliant with the European Union Regulation (EC) 1907/2006 governing the Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction of Chemicals (REACH) and does not contain substances above 0.1% weight of a Substance of Very High Concern (SVHC) listed in Annex XIV as of July 16, 2019.
Furthermore, Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is also compliant with the European Union Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 Classification, Labeling and Packaging of Substances and Mixtures (CLP Regulation) under entries 28 to 30 of Annex XVII of REACH, which prohibits the use of carcinogenic, mutagenic or reprotoxic category 1A or 1B substances (CMR category 1A or 1B substances) in products supplied to the general public.
Based on the ISO 16128-1:2016 (Definitions for ingredients) and ISO 16128-2:2017 (Criteria for ingredients and products), Nature In Bottle can advise that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil would have a Natural Origin Index of 1 and therefore, could be considered to come under the definition of a 'Natural Ingredient'.(Download Declaration)
Based on our knowledge of the production process, raw materials and equipments used, there is no potential for any residual solvents to be present in Sweet Fennel Essential Oil.(Download Declaration)
Nature In Bottle certify that Sweet Fennel Essential Oil is manufactured completely from raw materials none of which is listed on the Appendices of the the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).(Download Declaration)